The Internet makes millions of images, videos, and audio clips available for students to use in their projects, providing rich examples and evidence. Many of the resources available on the Internet, however, have some form of copyright protection. Under certain circumstances, students and educators can use these resources under the protection of the Fair Use provisions of the 1976 Copyright Law; however, students and educators do not have carte blanche to use these resources in any way they choose. This makes the citation process more in depth than ever before.
One strategy as an educator for dealing with the complexities of copyright is to devote time to teaching it and to helping students understand their rights under fair use and the rights of copyright holders. This approach can be further integrated into research projects and the process of creating a more detailed Works Cited page.
However, new web-based citation generators offer numerous advantages over the traditional system of using note cards for research. Citation generators automatically develop and keep sources for the researcher with the click of a button. There is no fear of losing sources, and you will save time; having the generator automatically format your sources for you into a bibliography of any standard style from APA, to MLA and beyond.
Citation generators offer numerous advantages over the traditional system of using note cards for research. Citation generators automatically develop and keep sources for the researcher with the click of a button. There is no fear of losing sources, and you will save time; having the generator automatically format your sources for you into a bibliography of any standard style from APA, to MLA and beyond.
A free tool that creates bibliographies for students. It allows students to look up the books or articles they would like to use in or enter manually, and then captures the important information for a bibliography for the student.
One of the first citation generators, easybib is free and allows students to enter the information from books manually and does the formatting according to style for them. Students put information in, and easybib does all the style and formatting for the student, leaving them with a finished bibliography.
Refworks using Write n cite
Refworks is a very helpful, intensive research tool provided by many universities to its students. Refworks automatically collects source information from electronic files in e-libraries and keeps track of them. Students writing papers can click a write n cite button in their browser to immediately capture the source information and save it in a file convenient to the subject of their research. When it comes time to call on the research collected for a paper, the student can open their folder of research and check boxes to select the sources they used, and refworks automatically creates the bibliography in the style of the user’s choosing. Refworks is a great tool, but requires a subscription.
Use the Citation Machine to create the proper format for an MLA or APA citation then include the result into your bibliography or footnotes. Currently uses MLA 7th, APA 8th, Chicago, and Turabian.
Here are related copyright resources:
- Copyright & Fair Use - The Stanford Universities Libraries Copyright & Fair Use Center provides articles, FAQs, primary materials, and various other helpful resources.
- Crash Course in Copyright - The University of Texas offers a crash course on copyright. Its "syllabus" includes an explanation of basic and applied fair use and copyright.
- Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States - This useful chart from Cornell University provides a quick overview of copyright terms for various works, including sound resources.
- The Chicago Manual of Style Online - The editorial guidelines presented in the 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style. The Manual and these other components of the site are fully searchable.
- Jo Cool or Jo Fool: An Online Game about Savvy Surfing - An interactive online module that takes students through a CyberTour of twelve mock Web sites to test their savvy surfing skills. Jo Cool or Jo Fool is also accompanied by an extensive Teacher's Guide, that contains background information for teachers, and questions and classroom activities for students, about online issues such as marketing, privacy, safety, responsible Internet use and authenticating information.
Here are two video tutorials to help you use a citation generator