August 7, 2014
This post first appeared on Diversa in Brazil.As Todd Rose proves in his TEDed talk, there is no average learner. Teachers confront this challenge with every lesson, activity, and course as they acknowledge that no two students learn the same way. With the added pressure to address standards, integrate technology, and prepare students with 21st Century Skills, consider the potential if school leaders could offer teachers a single strategy that would address all of their students’ needs. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) does just that.
UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone–not a single, one-size-fits-all solution but rather flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs. – source: CAST
Multiple Pathways to LearningAt the heart of UDL lies the belief that students need to not only master content and skills but also the act of learning. In order to do this, they need to be provided with a myriad of opportunities to interact with the material. When teachers design their curriculum with this in mind they account for whether students may need audio support via text-to-speech, visual representations, or alternative output options such as producing a video rather than a written piece. Ultimately, in a UDL classroom, teachers strive to reach their students through the best possible medium and then push them towards learning mastery via the most effective pathway.
Goal Based CurriculumWhen students have a variety of ways to interact with the curriculum, it becomes critical for them to know the final destination. In a UDL classroom, teachers begin each lesson or unit with clearly defined learning expectations. These goals represent the “knowledge, concepts, and skills” that students need to attain in order to demonstrate their progress towards learning mastery. With curriculum planning, teachers often begin with a specific standard or content objective. UDL takes this a step farther by focusing not just on the content but also the skills, strategies, or processes that students should develop. Based on the learning focus, teachers can then identify the instructional strategies and multiple pathways in order to provide all students (regardless of their learning needs) with equal opportunities to achieve learning mastery.
Multiple Means for AssessmentIn a traditional classroom, students interact with content delivered in a single manner and then demonstrate their learning through identical assessments – typically in the form of a test or quiz. However, in a UDL classroom, students not only choose the medium through which they acquire the desired content and skills, but also the means through which they demonstrate their learning. While some students may still complete a traditional summative assessment, others may progress down a pathway that guides them towards technology-rich projects or activities. If, for example, the goal is for a student to craft a persuasive argument, then the assessment could be a paragraph, an audio recording of a speech, or a video advertisement.
“Assessments in our digital age should be dynamic and universally designed. When we provide a full range of customizations and adaptations as a part of assessments, we are able to more accurately evaluate both student performance and the processes that underlie that performance.” – source: Chapter 7 of Teaching Every Student in the Digital Age